Swinburne, Algernon Charles

(1837-1909)
   Born into an aristocratic London family, he was reared at Bonchurch on the Isle of Wight. After Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford (he did not graduate), he settled in London, where he became one of the pre-Raphaelites (see Dante Gabriel Rossetti). His first book, The Queen Mother and Rosamond (1860), was two blank verse plays. Atalanta in Calydon (1865), a poetic drama modeled on Greek tragedy, brought him fame. His poetry was highly controversial, much of it containing recurring themes of sadomasochism, death-wish, lesbianism and anti-Christian sentiments. He suffered from chronic epilepsy and alcoholism, and by 1878 he was near death. He was restored to health under the guardianship of Theodore Watts-Dunton (see entry) with whom he lived after 1879 at The Pines, Putney, until he died of influenza. He was buried at Bonchurch. Most of his creative work was done in the first half of his life. He wrote three related dramas on Mary, Queen of Scots: Chasteland (1865), Bothwell (1874) and Mary Stuart (1881). Some of his poems: "A Ballad of Dreamland," "After Death," "Evening by the Sea," "In Guernsey," "On the Downs," "The Oblation."
   Sources: A Treasury of Poems for Worship and Devotion. Charles L. Wallis, ed. Harper, 1959. Choice of Swinburne's Verse. Robert Nye, ed. Faber and Faber, 1973. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). First Lines, Poems Written in Youth, from Herbert to Heaney. Jon Stallworthy, ed. Carcanet, 1987. Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. Poets of the English Language. Vols. I-V. W.H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson, eds. Viking Press, 1950. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Home Book of Verse. Burton Egbert Stevenson, ed. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1953. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Symbolist Poem: The Development of the English Tradition. Edward Engelberg, ed. E.P. Dutton, 1967. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Swinburne, Algernon Charles — born April 5, 1837, London, Eng. died April 10, 1909, Putney, London English poet and critic. After attending Eton and the University of Oxford, Swinburne lived on an allowance from his father. His verse drama Atalanta in Calydon (1865) first… …   Universalium

  • Swinburne, Algernon Charles — ► (1837 1909) Poeta y crítico británico. Se distinguió por una poesía de formas ricas y variadas en que llegó a expresar el sentimiento más puro de la naturaleza. Autor de Poemas y baladas (1866) y Cantos de antes del alba (1871). * * * (5 abr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Swinburne,Algernon Charles — Swin·burne (swĭnʹbûrn ), Algernon Charles. 1837 1909. British poet and critic who wrote musical, often erotic verse in which he attacked the conventions of Victorian morality. * * * …   Universalium

  • SWINBURNE, ALGERNON CHARLES —    poet and prose writer, born in London, son of Admiral Swinburne; educated at Balliol College, Oxford, went to Florence and spent some time there; his first productions were plays, two of them tragedies, and Poems and Ballads, his later A Song… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Swinburne, Algernon Charles —  (1837–1909) English poet …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Swinburne, Algernon Charles — (1837 1909)    Poet, s. of Admiral S. and of Lady Jane Ashburnham, dau. of the 3rd Earl of A., b. in London, received his early education in France, and was at Eton and at Balliol Coll., Oxf., where he attracted the attention of Jowett, and gave… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Algernon Charles Swinburne — Algernon Charles Swinburne …   Wikipedia Español

  • Algernon Charles Swinburne — Algernon Swinburne, 1867 Algernon Charles Swinburne (* 5. April 1837 in London; † 10. April 1909 ebenda) war ein Dichter und Autor in der viktorianischen Zeit. Sein frühes dichterisches Schaffen kreiste um Themen wie Sadomasochismus,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Algernon Charles Swinburne — Algernon Swinburne Algernon Charles Swinburne est un poète anglais né à Grosvenor Place, Londres, le 5 avril 1837 et mort le 10 avril 1909. La poésie de Swinburne suscita le scandale à l ère victorienne en raison de ses références récurrentes au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Algernon Charles Swinburne — (5 April 1837 – 10 April 1909) was a Victorian era English poet. His poetry was highly controversial in its day, much of it containing recurring themes of sadomasochism, death wish, lesbianism and irreligion. Biography Swinburne was born at 7… …   Wikipedia

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